Q460 Steel Chemical Composition, Specifications, Properties & Equivalent

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bird's nest stadium made from q460 steel
Bird's Nest Stadium Made from Q460 Steel

Q460 Steel Introduction

Q460 steel is a Chinese steel grade of Low Alloy High Strength Structural Steel, Yield Strength is 460 MPa, data is tested with 16mm diameter steel bars or steel plates, tensile strength is 550-720 Mpa, test with steel bar Ø≤40mm.For Q460 steel equivalent, chemical composition and mechanical properties, please see the tables below.

Properties and Applications

Q460 steel has much higher strength and has high comprehensive mechanical properties in normalizing, normalizing plus tempering, or quenching plus tempering, all of which are deoxidized with aluminum. It is used for large-scale engineering structures and lightweight structures that require high strength and large loads.

Q460 structural steel used in Bird's Nest Stadium
Q460 structural steel used in Bird’s Nest Stadium

Table-1, Q460 Steel Chemical Composition

Chemical Composition (GB/T 1591 – 2008)
Steel GradeQuality GradeC % (≤)Si (≤)Mn (≤)P (≤)S (≤)Nb (≤)V (≤)Ti (≤)Cr (≤)Ni (≤)Cu (≤)N (≤)Mo (≤)B (≤)Als (≥)
Q460Q460C0.200.061.800.0300.0300.110.200.200.300.800.550.0150.200.0040.015
Q460D0.0300.025
Q460E0.0250.020
Chemical Composition (GB/T 1591 – 2018)
Steel GradeC % (≤)Si (≤)Mn (≤)P (≤)S (≤)Nb (≤)V (≤)Ti (≤)Cr (≤)Ni (≤)Cu (≤)Mo (≤)N (≤)B (≤)
Q460C0.200.551.800.0300.0300.050.130.050.300.800.400.200.0150.004

Table-2, Carbon Equivalent Value (CEV)

Delivered in hot rolled state (based on smelting analysis)

CEV (Mass fraction ≤%); Nominal thickness or diameter Ø
Steel GradeQuality Grade≤ 3030 < Ø ≤ 6363 < Ø ≤ 150150 < Ø ≤ 250250 < Ø ≤ 400
Q420Q420C0.47 (CEV)0.490.49

Table-3, Q460 Mechanical Properties (Hot rolled)

Thickness or Dia. (Ø) mm; Yield Strength (≥N/mm2)
Steel GradeQualityØ≤1616< Ø ≤4040 < Ø ≤6363 < Ø ≤ 8080 < Ø ≤ 100100 < Ø ≤ 150150 < Ø ≤ 200200 < Ø ≤ 250250 < Ø ≤ 400
Q460Q460C460450430410410390
Dia. (Ø) mm; Tensile Strength (N/mm2)
Steel GradeQuality LevelØ≤100100 < Ø ≤ 150150 < Ø ≤ 250250 < Ø ≤ 400
Q460Q460C520 – 720530 – 700

Table-4, Elongation

Dia. (Ø) mm; Elongation (%)
Steel GradeSample directionØ≤4040 < Ø ≤ 6363 < Ø ≤ 100100 < Ø ≤ 150150 < Ø ≤ 200250 < Ø ≤ 400
Q460Horizontal20191918
Vertical21202019

Q460 steel equivalent to US – ASTM, European EN, Germany – DIN EN, Japanese – JIS, France – NF EN, UK – BS EN and ISO standard (For reference purposes only)

Q460 Equivalent
ChinaUSAGermanyJapanFranceUKISO
GradeStandardGradeStandardGradeStandardGradeStandardGradeStandardGradeStandardGrade
Q460CASTM A572MGr.65DIN EN 10113-2,
DIN EN10113-3
S460NL,
S460ML
JIS G3106,
JIS G3114
SM570,
SMA570W,
SMA570P
NF EN 10113-2,
NF EN10113-3
S460NL,
S460ML
BS EN 10113-2,
BS EN10113-3
S460NL,
S460ML
ISO 4950-2,
ISO 4950-3
E460CC,
E460DD
Q460DASTM A572MGr.65DIN EN 10113-2,
DIN EN10113-3
S460NL,
S460ML
JIS G3106,
JIS G3114
SM570,
SMA570W,
SMA570P
NF EN 10113-2,
NF EN 10113-3
S460NL,
S460ML
BS EN 10113-2,
BS EN10113-3
S460NL,
S460ML
ISO 4950-2,
ISO 4950-3
E460DD,
E460E
Q460EASTM A572MGr.65DIN EN 10113-2,
DIN EN10113-3
S460NL,
S460ML
JIS G3106,
JIS G3114
SM570,
SMA570W,
SMA570P
NF EN 10113-2,
NF EN10113-3
S460NL,
S460ML
BS EN 10113-2,
BS EN10113-3
S460NL,
S460ML
ISO 4950-2,
ISO 4950-3
E460E,
E460E

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