Q195 Steel Properties and Introduction
Q195 steel is a Chinese plain carbon structural steel, yield strength: 195 MPa, tensile strength: 315-430 MPa, material density: 7.85 g/cm3. “Q” is the first letter of Chinese spelling of “qu fu dian”, the translation is “Yield Point” or “Yield Strength”, “195” is indicates the unit value “195 MPa”. Datasheet is tested with 16mm thickness steel bars or steel plates.
The latest standard of Q195 steel is GB/T 700 – 2006, for chemical composition, mechanical properties and equivalent, please see the following tables.
Q195 Material Features and Applications
Q195 material has high plasticity, toughness and weldability, good pressure and processability, but low strength. It has many uses, such as the manufacture of wire rods, steel plates. Wire rods can be cold drawn into low carbon steel wires, then to make black or galvanized iron wire, tie wire, welded wire mesh, wire fence, and many more; Cold and hot-rolled steel sheets are widely used in roofing panels, decorative panels, packaging containers, iron drums, instrument cases, switch boxes, protective covers, etc.
Other applications includes making steel pipes, steel angle, anchor bolts, chimneys, roofing slabs, rivets, tie rods, hooks, brackets, welded structures, etc.
The following tables show Q195 steel specification and equivalent
Q195 Steel Chemical Composition
|Chemical Composition %|
|Steel Grade||C (≤)||Si (≤)||Mn (≤)||P (≤)||S (≤)||Deoxidation Method|
|Q195||0.12||0.30||0.50||0.035||0.040||Rimmed / Killed|
Q195 Steel Mechanical Property
|Q195 Mechanical Properties|
|Steel Grade||Yield Strength||Tensile Strength||Elongation % (Ø ≤40mm)|
|Ø ≤16mm||16mm ＜ Ø ≤60mm|
|Q195||195 N/mm2||185 N/mm2||315 to 430 N/mm2||33|
1 MPa = 1 N/mm2; Ø = Wire Diameter or Thickness
Bending Test Results
|Grade||Sample Orientation||Cold Bending Test 180° (B=2a)|
|Diameter of Curve Center (Steel Ø ≤ 25mm)|
Notes: B=Sample Steel Width; a=Sample Diameter or Thickness
Q195 Steel Equivalent
Q195 steel equivalent to US ASTM, European EN (Germany DIN, Britain BS EN, France NF EN), Japan JIS, and ISO Standards.
You may also be interested in Q195 vs Q215, Q235 and Q275 Steel
|Q195 Equivalent (For Reference)|
|GB/T 700||Q195||ASTM A283/A283m – 03||A283 Gr.B|
|DIN EN 10225;|
BS EN 10025
|NF EN 10025;|